Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Calophyllum calaba L. var. bracteatum (Wight) P. Stevens in J. Arn. Arb. 61: 261. f. 13. 1980. C.bunnannii Wight var. bracteatum Wight, Ill. Ind. Bot. 1: 129. 1840. C. retusum auct. non Wallich ex Choisy 1849; T. Anderson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 272,. 1874, p.p. C. amoenum Wallich ex Cboisy, Desc. Guffif. Inde 42. 1849 & in Mem. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Geneve 12: 421. 1851; Parkillson, For. Fl. Andamans 87. 1923. C. kunstlerl auct. non King 1890; Mahesh. in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 2: 141. 1960; M.K.V. Rao in J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 8: 112. 1986.


Trees, 6 - 30 m tall; trunk up to 1.5 m in girth; sapwood brown to whitish; heartwood reddish to dark-brown; bark yellowish to fawn-brown or fuscous-brown, smooth, with strong, horizontal fissures; exudate yellow, yellowish-brown or almost white, watery, jelly-like; branchlets ferruginous, farinose-tomentose; terminal bud plump to conical, 7 - 11 mm long,puberulent; extra-axillary buds present. Leaves 3 - 12 x 1.5 - 5 cm, elliptic, oblong-elliptic or ovate-elliptic to ovate, sometimes lanceolate, acute to rounded at base, obtuse or shortly acuminate at apex, rarely rotundate or retuse, base shiny above, glabrous; midrib prominent on both surfaces, lateral veins parallel, close, rather making an obtuse or acute angle with midrib; petioles 1 - 5 mm long, canaliculate above, minutely velutinous, soon glabrescent; new leaves pinkish-yellow. Racemes ca 1 - 3 cm long, axillary, umbellate or fascicled, 3 - 7 (- 12)-flowered; peduncles compressed, very short, nearly articulate at base, velutinous or puberulent, especially near base. Flowers white, or light yellow, bisexual, scented, 6 - 7 mm in diam.; bracts 4, prominent, broadly elliptic to ovate, 2 - 5 mm long, caducous; pedicels slender. Sepals 4, outer pair 3 - 4.5 x 2.5 - 4.5 mm, elliptic, oblong to ovate, puberulent outside, reflexed in open flowers, inner pair 3.5 - 7.5 x 2.5 mm, obovate to elliptic or oblong. Petals absent. Stamens numerous (20 - 95); filaments 2 - 3.5 mm long; anthers 0.4 - 1.5 mm long, oblong. Ovary 0.8 - 1.5 mm long; styles 1.5 - 3.5 mm long; stigmas peltate- infundibular, 0.4 - 1 mm across, sometimes 3 - 4-radiate. Fruits 7 - 15 mm in diarn., pisiform or globose, white or yellow, reddish-brown when dry, coarsely wrinkled, smooth when ripe; stone 5 - 11 x 5 - 8 mm, spherical to ovoid or ellipsoid, smooth.

Fl. & Fr. Oct. - May.

Distrib. India: Common in lowland to hilly mixed rain forests. Andaman & Nicobar Islands(Andaman Islands).

Vietnam to Bomeo.

Notes. Wood used for making implement handles, furniture, for construction purposes etc. Fruits edible.





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