Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Calophyllum macrocarpum Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 273. 1874; N.P. Singh in Ind. J. For. Addl. ser 1: 305. 1990.


Trees, 15 - 20 m tall; sapwood light brown, heartwood dark brown, hard, outer bark yellowish brown, becoming dark brown to blackish; exudate orange and clear or pinkish and gummy; branchlets robust, 2.5 - 5 mm across, drying dark brown to blackish with transient, sparse, brown, 0.5 mm long hairs; internodes 0.5 - 2.5 (-5) cm long, glabrous; terminal buds plump, 3.5 - 5.5 cm long with brown, short tomentum. Leaves ca 30 x 8.5 cm,(linear-) oblong to elliptic (-lanceolate), acute at base, narrowed into a slender petiole usually shortly and bluntly acuminate at apex, barely undulate, glabrous or sparsely tomentose on raised midrib below, coriaceous, venation prominent on both surfaces; lateral veins 5 - 10, ca 5 mm apart; petioles 2.5 - 5.3 cm long, flat to shallowly concave above, convex below, glabrous. Racemes axillary, 1.2 - 4.5 cm long, 7 - 15- flowered, occasionally 3-flowered, minutely puberulous or densely brown tomentose towards base. Flowers bisexual, 2.5 cm in diam.; pedicels 1 - 3.2 cm long, finely tomentose to glabrous. Sepals 4, 2 outer 9 - 13 x 7.5 - 11 mm, broadly oblong or ovate obtuse, concave, glabrous or puberulent outside; 2 inner 11 - 15 x 2.5 - 8 mm, petaloid, oblong, obtuse, usually with a band of indumentum outside at base. Petals 4, 11 - 15 x 2.5 - 8 mm, ovate to elliptic or ligulate or linear-spathulate. Stamens numerous (ca 230 - 340), very short, filaments up to 6 mm long, connate up to 1.2 mm; anthers oblong, 1 - 2 mm long, more or less retuse at apex. Ovary 1.8 - 2.3 mm long; styles 3.5 - 6 mm long; stigmas peltate, 3 radiate, 1.3 - 1.5 mm across. Drupes 8 - 12.7 x 4.5 - 6 cm, ellipsoid, narrowed at both ends, acute at apex, drying dark brown, irregularly and coarsely wrinkled, regularly and finely longitudinally striate; outer layer 3 - 8 mm thick, sweet; stone 3.7 - 6.7 x 2.2 - 3.4 cm, ellipsoid, rounded at apex, borne in the centre of fruit with fibrous zone, 2 - 2.5 cm long, between stone and base of fruit, smooth.

Fl. & Fr. April - Sept.

Distrib. India: Common along rivers in interior forests on rocky loamy soils at sea level. Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Great Nicobar).

S. Thailand and Malaya to Bornea.




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