Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Calophyllum tetrapterum Miq., Pl. Jungh. 291.1854. C. floribundum,Hook. f, Fl. Brit. India 1: 272. 1874, p.p. C. pulcherrimum auct. non Wallich ex Choisy, 1849; T. Anderson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 271. 1874, p.p.


Trees, 6 - 30 m tall; trunk ca 38 cm in girth; bark whitish to yellowish or brown, closely fissured; exudate clear to opaque, yellow, rarely white, sticky; branchlets slightly compressed usually strongly 4-angled, glabrous; internodes 0.5 - 5 cm long; terminal bud plump, 1.5 - 4 mm long, somewhat tomentose; uppermost pair of axillary buds rounded, 0.5 - 1.5 mm long. Leaves 4 - 13 x 1.5 - 5 cm, elliptic to obovate, cuneate to acute at base, acuminate or acute at apex, distinctly pale along marigns, chartaceous, glabrous or sparsely pubescent on midrib beneath; midrib usually sharply raised; lateral veins (5 -) 8 - 14 (- 15), ca 5 mm apart, making an acute angle with midrib; petioles deeply canaliculate above, glabrous to transiently puberulent below. Racemes 2 - 65 cm long, axillary, 3 - 11-flowered, slender, glabrous or pubescent. Flowers scented, sometimes foetid, usually 2 at each node; bracts ca 2 cm long, rarely foliaceous, soon caducous; pedicels 0.5 - 2 cm long, usually very slender, glabrous, often thickened in fruits. Sepals 4, outer pair 2 - 5 x 2 - 4 mm, ovate to broadly elliptic, sometimes papillate or puberulent on back near apex, inner pair elliptic to ligulate. Petals absent or 4, rarely 1 - 3 or 6, similar to inner sepals. Stamens numerous (ca 25 - 105); ftlaments ca 4.5 mm long; anthers 0.7 - 1.2 mm long, nearly oblong, shallowly retuse at apex. Ovary 0.8 - 1.3 mm long; styles 3.5 mm long; stigmas peltate, ca 0.4 mm across, slightly lobed. Drupes 6.5 - 16 x 5 - 12 mm, ellipsoid to spherical apiculate or rounded at apex, wrinkled when young, sometimes smooth when mature, yellowish or bluish-green; stone 5.5 - 11 x 5 - 10 mm, ellipsoid to spherical smooth.

Fl. & Fr. Dec. - May

Distrib. India: Usually in well drained, mixed forests, often on sandy soils. Andaman & Nicobar Islands (S. Andamans).

Cambodia to Borneo.

Notes. Three varieties are known under this species. The Indian plants belong tovar.tetrapterum.




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