Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Garcinia acuminata Planch. & Triana in Ann. Sci. Nat. ser 4, 14: 355. 1860; Mahesh. in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 6: 133. 1965. G. elliptica Wallich ex Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. Fasc 6: 33. t . 86B. 1883. G.morella auct non Desr. 1789; T. Anderson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 264. 1874, p.p.

Lus.: Thoikoy; Kuki: Korbomba

Trees, up to 20 m tall with lax crown; branchlets terete; young ones quadrato-compressed, yellowish-brown; bark dark brown. Leaves 11 - 15 x 3 - 6.2 cm, lanceolate or elliptic-oblong, acute at base, acutely acuminate to cuspidate at apex, repand, charta-ceous, lateral veins slender, 10 - 20, slightly arcuate, obliquely parallel; petioles ca 1 cm long, slender, furrowed above. Male flowers axillary, solitary or fascicled, yellow, ca 4 - 5 mm in warn., subsessile. Sepals 4, orbicular, outer pair ca 1 mm long, inner ca 2 mm long. Petals 4, ca 2 - 3 mm long, orbicular or obovate, yellow, thick, imbricate or contorted. Stamens ca 16, inserted on top of a short androphore; filaments short, confluent in a ring; anthers horizontal, often bent down at ends. Rudimentary pistil absent. Female flowers: Ovary globose, usually tetralocular. Berries 2 - 2.5 x 1.5 - 2 cm, globose or slightly elongate, smooth, seated on persistent sepals and crowned by stigma.

Fl. & Fr. (Sept.- ) Dec. - June.

Distrib. India: In evergreen forests from 610 to 1220 m. West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Tripura.

Bangladesh and Thailand.

Notes. The gum is used as a dye and medicine. The seeds yield a fatty oil which can be used for illuminating purposes and as a substitute for ghee.

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