Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Garcinia anomala Planch. & Triana in Ann. Soc. Nat. ser. 4, 14: 329. 1860; T. Anderson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 266.1874.

Garo.: Thechu; Jain .: Dieng-sa-slung, Dieng-soh-lang-sain; Kh.: Dieng-soh-Kwang, Soh-lain-Khlaw; Man.: Haibung.

Trees, 10 - 15 m tall; branchlets robust, subverticillate; bark brown or grey, rough, exudes yellowish when cut. Leaves 10 - 20 x 3.5 - 8.5 cm, elliptic or oblong-lanceolate, obtuse or rotundate at base, shortly acuminate at apex, repand, coriaceous, dark green; lateral veins slender, 15 - 25, prominent, obliquely parallel, tertiary veins oblique, transverse or laxly reticulate, anastomosing within the margin; petioles up to 18 mm long, channelled with a fleshy, sheathing ligule at base. Cymes ca 1 cm long, axillary, bracteate, 3-flowered; shortly pedunculate. Flowers 12 - 20 mm in diam., yellowish or pale green, pedicels 3 - 4 mm long, stout; bracts 2, foliaceous, ca 8 mm long, sometimes up to 2 cm, opposite; bracteoles 2, 2 - 3 mm long, opposite, almost concave, caducous. Sepals 4, decussate, 8 - 10 mm long, orbicular, concave. Petals 4, yellowish-white, ca 12 mm long, obliquely oblong, more or less concave, margin fimbriate. Stamens indefinite, monadelphous in an annular mass surrounding pistillode; filaments short, free, compressed; anthers bilocular, horse-shoe-shaped, dehiscence vertical, introrse below, extrorse above. Rudimentary pistil short, thick, columnar or slightly obconic; stigmas conical, rugose, coronate. Female flowers: Similar to male flowers but slightly smaller (ca 1/3). Sepals persistent. Petals whitish-green, deciduous. Staminodes many, filaments united into an annular ring at the base of ovary, shorter than ovary. Ovary bilocular, oblong, apex slightly attenuated, locules 1-ovuled; stigmas disciform, coronate, margin reflexed, striate, irregularly lobulate, persistent. Berries 4.2 x 3.5 cm, ellipsoid, pruniform, smooth, dark olive green, orange-yellow when ripe, crowned by the short, thick stigma and supported by recurved sepals, 1 - 2-seeded. Seeds 8 x 6 mm.

Fl. & Fr. Nov. - Aug.

Distrib. India: In evergreen forests at between 900-1800 m. Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland.

Bangladesh and Myanmar.

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