Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Garcinia brevirostris Scheff. in Tijdschr. Nederl. Ind. 31: 350. 1870 & in Flora 53: 241. 1870; Mahesh. in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 6: 120. 1965. G. eugenifolia Wallich ex T. Anderson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 268. 1874.

Small trees; branchlets tetragonous; wood hard, yellow; bark grey brown. Leaves 6 - 8 x 2.8 - 3.5 cm, broadly elliptic-lanceolate, obtuse or acute at base, acute or acuminate at apex, entire or narrowly subrepand, subcoriaceous, shiny above, pale and opaque beneath; lateral veins inconspicuous; petioles ca 8 mm long. Male flowers: In short, dense, axillary or terminal cymes; pedicels ca 5 mm long; bracts minute. Sepals 4, orbicular, outer pair small, inner almost equal to petals. Petals 4, orbicular, thin, with a circular, thickened with coloured fleshy spot near base. Stamens indefinite in 4 distinct bundles, suberect; anthers minute, orbicular-oblong, bilocular, dehiscence vertical. Rudimentary pistil slender; stigmas large, hemispheric. Female flowers: In short cymes. Sepals 4, minute, scaly. Petals smaller, ciliate. Ovary short, terete; stigmas broad, peltate, revolute, covering nearly entire ovary. Berries in fascicles of 2 - 4, ca 2 cm in diam., globular, smooth, brown, crowned by papillose stigma.

Distrib. India: In primary forests on the slopes of hills. Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Andaman Islands), West Bengal (rare).

Myanmar, Singapore, Indonesia and Malay Peninsula.

Notes. The timber is used in house building.

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