Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Garcinia dulcis (Roxb.) Kurz in J. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 43: 88. 1874. p.p. & For. Fl. Brit. Burma 1: 92. 1877, p.p. Xanthochymus dulcis Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 63. 1832.

Trees; branchlets tetragonous, grooved or keeled; bark olive-coloured, smooth, shiny. Leaves 11 - 25 x 3 - 14 cm, ovate, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, obtuse or rotundate, rarely subcordate at base, obtuse or often acuminate at apex, chartaceous or papyraceous, lateral veins ca 20, irregularly parallel arcuate, anastamosing at apex into a submarginal nerve; petioles ca 1 - 1.5 cm long. Flowers 5 - 12 in a fascicle, ca 1.5 cm in diam.; bracteoles inserted at swollen base. Sepals 5, rarely 4 or 6, outer ones smaller than inner. Petals 5, rarely 4, ca 1 em long, ovate, obtuse, flabellately veined, almost closed. Male flowers: stamens in 5 bundles, rarely 4; anthers didymous, ca 5 mm long, linear. Rudimentary pistil absent or present. Female flowers: staminodes few, distributed in 5 fascicles, free or connate at base. Ovary ovoid-subglobose, 5-locular with one ovule in each locule; styles contracted, short, thick; stigmatic rays 5, entire, margin rotundate, coronate. Berries fleshy, bright yellow at maturity, smooth, unilocular, obtusely acuminate at apex, contracted at base. Seeds oblong, 1 5; pulp edible, dark-coloured to pleasant taste.

Fl. & Fr. March - Nov.

Distrib. India: In inland forests at low altitudes. Andaman & Nicobar Islands(Andaman Islands).


Notes. Introduced in Indian Botanic Garden, Calcutta; cultivated throughout Malaysia. The fruit contains citric acid and is suitable for jams and preserves. The seeds are used in preparation of medicines applied externally and bark for dyeing mats.

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