Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Garcinia lanceaefolia Roxb., [Hort. Beng.42. 1814, nom. nud.] Fl. Ind. 2: 623. 1832; T. Anderson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 263. 1874. G. purpurea Wallich ex Choisy, Oeser. Guttie. Inde 36. 1849, non Roxb. 1832. Stalagmitis lanceaefolia G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 621.1831.


Evergreen trees or profusely branching, slender shrubs; branehlets dark brown, decussate; bark rugose, black or dark brown. Leaves 8 - 12 x 1.5 - 2.5 (- 3) cm, narrowly lanceolate, attenuate at base, cuspidate or acuminate at apex, repand, subcoriaceous, dark glossy green, lateral veins 7 - 18, indistinct, anastomosing close to margin. Male flowers: Terminal, solitary or geminate, ca 8 mm in diam.dark yellow, reddish-yellow or red, bracteate. Sepals 4, ca 6 mm long, oblong, fleshy, thick, yellowish-green. Petals 4, red, narrow, slightly oblique, smaller than sepals. Stamens more than 20 in a globose, red mass; anthers oblong bilocular, almost sessile, introrse, dehiscing by 2 vertical clefts: Rudimentary pistil absent Female flowers: Terminal or axillary, solitary, larger than male flowers; pedicels as long as flowers, thick, 2-bracteate at base. Sepals 4, ovate, carnose, margin membranous. Petals 4, much narrower, concave. Staminodes in 4 bundles of 2 - 10 each, opposite to sepals, connate into a ring at base, irregular; anthers ovate. Ovary globose, contracted at apex, 6 - 20-locular; stigmatic rays 6 - 10, 2-seriate, tuberculate, sessile. Berries orange-yellow, ca 2.5 cm in diam., obovoid, smooth, with persistent sepals and coronate stigma, 6 - 8-seeded.



KEY TO THE VARIETIES


1a. Leaves narrowly lanceolate; staminodes (in female flowers) 30 - 40, in 4 - 8-androus bundles; flowering twigs ca 1.5 mm thick 19.1. lanceaefolia
b. Leaves linear-oblong, acute at ends; staminodes (in female flowers) 8 -13, in 2 - 4 -androus bundles; flowering twigs 0.5 - 1.5 mm thick 19.2. oxyphylla


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