Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Garcinia microstigma Kurz in J. Bot. 13: 324. 1875 & For. Fl. Brit. Burma 1: 91. 1877; Parkinson, For. Fl. Andaman 90.1923.

Shrubs, 1 - 2 m tall; branchlets obscurely 4-angled. Leaves 10 - 13 x 3.5 - 6 cm, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, sometimes lanceolate, cuneate at base, obtuse or acuminate at apex, dull on both surfaces when dry, lateral veins faint, interarching. Male flowers: Terminal, Solitary, or 2 - 3 in axillary cymes, ca 8 mm in diam., reddish, bracteolate. Sepals 4, ca 5.5 x 6 mm; outer pair ovate, acute, fleshy, keeled, longer than inner, obovate-orbicular, distinctly concave pair. Petals 4, ca 5 mm long, obovate-orbicular, concave, fleshy. Stamens 20 - 35, inserted on a single convex receptacle; filaments short, broad; anthers red, bilocular, broadly ovate, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Rudimentary pistil absent. Female flowers: Solitary, on pedicels shorter than those of male flowers. Ovary globose. Berries reddish, globose, smooth, thin, with persistent sepals at base and crowned by the discoid, entire, sessile stigma. Seeds 2 or more.

Fl. & Fr. Sept. - Nov.

Distrib. India: Frequent in tropical forests. Andaman & Nicobar Islands.


Notes. The fruits are edible. The young leaves are cooked and eaten by tribals in Andatnan Islands. Rarely cultivated.

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