Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Garcinia stipulata T. Anderson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 267. 1874.

Lep.: Sanakadan.

Trees, ca 20 m tall; wood orange-yellow, light, moderately hard; bark brown, smooth; branchlets slender. Leaves 15 - 30 x 4 - 9 cm, elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, obtuse or acute at base, acuminate at apex, thickly coriaceous, dark green above, pale green beneath; lateral veins 10 -16 pairs, alternate, distant, ineurved, nerves obliquely transverse, simple, furcate or laxly reticulate; petioles 1 - 2 cm long, sulcate above; stipules paired, 5 - 6 mm long, early deciduous. Male flowers: 4 - 6 in axillary, shortly pedunculate cymes; pedicels 12 - 18 mm long, stout; bracts 2 - 3 mm long, scale-like, concave, acute or rounded; bracteoles 2 near the base of pedicels, concave, 2 - 3 mm long. Sepals 4, orbicular, concave, outer pair ca 8 mm enclosing inner pair of ca 6 mm long, pale green or yellow. Petals 4, creamy-yellow or yellow, ca 1.5 cm long, obliquely ovate, acute. Stamens indefinite, monadelphous in an annular mass; filaments short; anthers bilocular. Rudimentary pistil fungiform; stigmas peltate, convex, minutely tubercled. Female flowers: Axillary, solitary or paired, shortly pedicellate. Sepals persistent in fruit. Ovary bilocular; stigmas tuberculate. Berries 4 x 0.8 - 1.5 cm, oblong, smooth, shortly acuminate, bilocular, locules 1-seeded, yellow, pulpy with yellow gum, persistent stigma orbicular with revolute margins. Seeds 22 x 8 mm, oblong, flattened; testa strongly nerved.

Fl. & Fr. Aug. - May; fruits sometimes persist up to July.

Distrib. India: Common in the valleys of Teesta river and its affluents and North-eastern region, in moist subtropical forests up to 1525 m. West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland and Meghalaya.


Notes. The fruits are eaten by Lepchas in Sikkim.

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