Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Garcinia wightii T. Anderson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 265: 1874.

Mal.: Attukaruka, Pulimaranga or Palimaranga, Kolivala

Trees, up to 10 m tall; branchlets tetragonous; wood white, moderately hard; bark dark brown, pustular. Leaves 9 - 14 x 2 - 2.5 (- 3.5) cm, linear to linear-lanceolate, acute and decurrent into petiole at base, acuminate at apex, coriaceous, pale green beneath; lateral veins prominent, very slender, obliquely parallel, ca 5 mm apart, arcuate, anastomosing into a submarginal vein; petioles 6 - 8 mm long. Male flowers: Axillary, solitary, or often 2 - 3 together, sometimes numerous, ca 1 cm across, sessile. Sepals 4, ca 4 - 5 mm in diam. orbicular, concave, thinly coriaceous. Petals 4,4.5 - 5 x 3.5 mm, obovate, distinctly concave. Stamens ca 20, often 12 - 15 united in a tetragonal column enclosing stylodium; filaments free above; anthers peltate, dehiscence oblique. Ru-dimentary pistil tetragonal. Female flowers: Axillary, solitary, sessile. Ovary almost globose, usually tetralocular; stigmas sessile, large. Berries 11 - 13 x 9 - 11 mm, subglobose, smooth, pale green when young, 4-seeded, with persistent stigma and sepals. Seeds 9.5 x 4.5 mm.

Fl. & Fr. Nov. - March.

Distrib. India: In evergreen and moist forests, usually near water courses at elevations up to 700 m; sometimes as rheophytes in Southern Western Ghats. Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Endemic.

Notes. The gamboge of this species is very soluble, and yields a good pigment.

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