Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Clematis cadmia Buch.-Ham. ex Hook. f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 5 .1855 & in A. Brit. India 1: 2. 1872.

Asm.: Bon-jaluki, Bon-marich.

Slender subherbaceous climbers; branches slender, scarcely woody, glabrous or softly hairy. Leaves ternately or biternately compound; leaflets ovate to narrow-lanceolate or rhomboid, entire or minutely crenulate, ciliate along margins, otherwise glabrous, 3 - 5-nerved from rounded cuneate or subcordate base, acuminate at apex; lateral nerves 1 - 3 pairs, distinct, arched, anastomosing. Flowers solitary, axillary, pale lilac to bluish; pedicels 8 - 15 cm long, bearing a pair of sessile ovate-acute bracts at middle, 1.5 - 3 x 0.5 - 3 cm. Sepals 4 - 6, spreading, elliptic-oblanceolate, unequal, the largest 4 - 5 x 1.5 cm, bluish white, longitudinally veined, softly tomentose, 2.5 - 3.5 mm long, dehiscing laterally; connectives slightly prolonged beyond anther-lobes. Achenes many, broadly ovate-elliptic, compressed, ca 7 x 5 mm, appressed-pubescent, hooked at first, later becoming straight.

Fl. Dec. - April; Fr. Feb. - June.

Distrib. India: Tropical and subtropical forests, up to 1600 m. Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Assam and Manipur.

Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar.

Notes. Fruits and roots are eaten as condiment, a substitute for chillies (note on herbarium sheet of W.R. Fischer in Herb. CAL).

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