Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Clematis gouriana Roxb. [Hort. Beng. 43. 1814, nom. nud.] ex DC., Syst. Nat. 1: 138. 1817 & Prodr. 1: 3. 1824; Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 4. 1872.

Hindi: Belkun (Dehradun), Kanguli; Kh.: Jennei-Bytengdoh; Mar.: Mor-vel,' Tam.: Attumeeskodi, Muravalli,' Tel.: Veruvisa-madu (Tribals).

Extensive climbers, often reaching great heights over tall trees; stem and branches 6 - 12 furrowed-ribbed, glabrous or sparsely hairy when young. Leaves 1 - 2-pinnately. compound, up to 14 x 10 cm; leaflets 5 - 9, variable, elliptic-lanceolate or ovate, rounded or cordate at base, entire or serrate with a few teeth near apex at margins, acute or acuminate at apex, 2.5 - 7.5 x 1.5 - 3.5 cm, thin, smooth, glabrous or pubescent along nerves, 3 - 5-nerved; petioles not connate at base, twining, up to 6 cm long; petiolules slender, up to 2.5 cm long. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, crowded, dense, up to 15 cm long; pedicels up to 1.5 cm long. Flowers 1 - 1.5 cm across, greenish white or pale yellowish white, scented. Sepals 4, spreading from base, oblong-elliptic or obovate, rounded at apex, revolute along margins, ca 6 x 2 mm, pubescent. Stamens 30 - 35; filaments linear, flat, glabrous; connectives scarcely produced above anthers. Carpels 10 - 15; oblong or linear, hairy; styles up to 2.5 mm long; stigma clavate. Achenes narrowly ovoid-oblong, more or less compressed, 3 - 5 x 1 - 2 mm, densely hairy, with up to 5 cm long feathery tails.

Fl. Aug. - Feb.; Fr. Sept. - May.

Distrib. India: Tropical and subtropical forests, spreading on thickets and climbing on trees, up to 2000 m. Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, Assam, Meghalaya, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, W. & C. China and Sri Lanka.

Notes. Chromosome no. 2n = 16 (Raghavan & Arora in Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 46: 352-353.1958).

Leaf paste is applied to wounds of cattle by Jatapus, Khonds and Savaras of Andhra Pradesh.

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