Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Camellia kissi Wallich in Asiat. Res. 13: 429. 1820 & Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: t. 256. 1832. C. keina Buch. -Ham. ex D. Don, Prodr. 224. 1825. C. drupifera auct. non Lour. 1790; Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 293. 1874. C. caduca C.B. Clarke ex Brandis, Indian Trees 61. 1921; Kanjilal et al., Fl. Assam 1: 123. 1934.


Kh.: Dieng-tymem-bhoi.

Shrubs or small trees, up to 5 m high; young portion of stems and branches pubescent, ultimately glabrous. Leaves 4 - 15 x 1 - 5.5 cm, elliptic-oblong, oblong-lanceolate to oblanceolate, cuneate at base, acute to long acuminate at apex, serrulate to almost entire, often slightly revolute, coriaceous, glabrous above excepting puberulous midrib, hairy or glabrescent beneath; petioles 2 - 5 mm long, hairy or glabrescent. Flowers white, axillary, solitary or 2 together, ca 3 cm in diam., fragrant; pedicels ca 2 mm long. Sepals perulate, 1 - 6 mm long, suborbicular to broadly ovate, silky pubescent outside, glabrous inside, deciduous. Petals 6 or 7, 10 - 15 x 6 - 8 mm, obovate, emarginate, sparsely hairy outside, glabrous inside, caducous. Stamens 5 - 10 mm long, outer ones connate at base, inner ones free, glabrous. Ovary 3 - 5 x 2 mm, ovoid, woolly, 3-locular, usualy 1-locular by abortion; styles 3 - 7 mm long, 3-fid at apex, hairy towards base. Capsules 1.5 - 2.5 x 1.5 - 2 cm, ca 2.5 cm in diam., subglobose or globose-pyriform, pubescent, ultimately depressed globose and glabrous. Seeds ca 1 cm in diam., ellipsoid to subglobose, brown.



KEY TO THE VARIETIES


1a. Leaves narrow (0.8 - 1.8 cm) 2.1. kissi
b. Leaves broad (2 - 5.5 cm) 2.2. stenophylla


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