Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Schima wallichii (DC.) Korthals in Temminck, Verh. Nat. Gesch. Ned. Bezilt. Bot. 5: 143.1842; Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 289. 1874. Gordonia wallichii DC., Prodr. 1: 528. 1824. G. chilaunea Buch. -Ham. ex D. Don, Prodr. 225.1825.


Trees, up to 30 m tall; stems and branches glabrous. Leaves 5 - 25 x 2 - 10 cm, oblong to lanceolate, elliptic-oblong or ovate to obovate, cuneate to rounded at base, acute to short acuminate at apex, entire to undulate or crenate-serrate, glabrous above, except for few hairs on midrib, spersely appressed simple hairy beneath; petioles 0.3 - 3.5 cm long, glabrous. Racemes short, terminal; peduncles up to 5 cm long, minutely white warted. Flowers white, fragrant, 3 - 5 cm in diam.; pedicels 1 - 3 cm long; bracts ca 6 mm long, narrowly oblong, retuse. Sepals 3 - 4 x 3 mm, semicircular to orbicular, glabrous outside, appressed hairy inside, ciliate, persistent. Petals 1 - 1.5 x 0.8 - 1 cm, obovate, pubescent outside at base. Stamens numerous,5 - 10 mm long. Ovary 2 - 3 X 2 - 4 mm globose, tomentose, 5 or 6 - 7-loculed; styles 5 - 6 mm long; stigmas flattened, capitate. Capsules 0.5 - 2 x 1 - 2 cm, globose, pubescent when young, ultimately becoming glabrescent. Seeds 7 x 5 mm, glabrous.



KEY TO THE VARIETIES


1a. Leaves serrate; lateral nerves scarcely forked; pedicels 3 - 3 .5 mm across 1. khasiana
b. Leaves entire to undulate, lateral nerves mostly forked; pedicels up to 2.5 mm across 2. Wallichii


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