Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cleyera japonica Thunb., Nov. Gen. Pl. 68. 1783, p.p. emend. Sieb. & Zucc., Fl. Japan 153, t. 81. 1841. Temstroemia japonica Thunb. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2: 335. 1794. Cleyera ochnacea auct. non DC.; Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 283. 1874.


Small, evergreen trees, 6 - 8 m tall; branchlets brown, glabrous, slightly winged at apex. Leaves 3 - 15 x 1.0 - 4.5 cm, oblong-obovate or elliptic-oblong, ovate, cuneate at base, acute or shortly acuminate at apex, entire, coriaceous, midrib raised beneath; lateral veins 13 - 20 pairs, rather obscure; petioles 0.3 -2 cm long, flattened, glabrous. Flowers whitish, turning yellowish, 1 - 3 in axillary fascicles, 1 - 1.5 cm across; pedicels 1.8 - 2.3 cm long, nodding; bracts ca 3 mm long, elliptic-ovate; bractioles alternate or subopposite at the base of clayx, minute, ovate-orbicular, caducous. Sepals 3 - 5 mm long, broadly ovate to orbicular, shallowly retuse at apex, coriaceous, ciliate, glabrous.Petals 8 - 12 x 3 - 5 mm, elliptic-oblong, connate at base, coriaceous, glabrous. Stamens many, unequal, arranged in two whorls; filaments 3 - 4 mm long, terete; anthers 1.5 - 2 mm long, ovate-oblong, cuspidate, setose, white. Ovary 2 - 3-loculed, ovules few in each locule; styles 3 - 7 mm long, simple, glabrous; stigmas 2 - 3-lobed, entire. Berries ca 4 mm across, globose, black, tipped with persistent style. Seeds few, brown.



KEY TO THE VARIETIES


1a. Leaves 3 - 10 x 1 - 3 cm, elliptic, acute to obtuse at apex; petioles 3 - 4 mm long; flowers in fascicles; sepals 3 - 3.5 x 2 - 2.5 mm; petals 8 x 4 mm; styles 3 - 4.5 mm long 1.2. wallichiana
b. Leaves 5 - 15 x 2 - 4.5 cm, elliptic to ovate-oblong, acute or shortly abruptly acuminate; petioles 10 - 12 mm long, flowers solitary or geminate; sepals 4.5 - 5 x 3.5 - 4.5 mm; petals 12 x 5 mm; styles ca 7 mm long 1.1. grandiflora


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