Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Ternstroemia gymnanthera (Wight & Arn.) Beddome, Fl. Sylv. 91, t. 91.1871; Sprague in J. Bot. 61: 18. 1923. Cleyera gymnanthera Wight & Arn., Prodr. 87. 1834. Ternstroemia japonica auct. non Thunb. 1794; Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 280. 1874. T. wightii Choisy, Mem. Ternstroem. Camell. 19. 1855. T. japonica Thunb. var. wightii (Choisy) Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 281. 1874.


Asm.: Pani-Bokul Pani-jirkiri; Kh.: Dieng-lasaw; Tam.: Kiamonu, Kemmuni.

Evergreen trees or stunted shrubs, 4 - 15 m tall; bark grey, soft, warty. Leaves often closely approximate at apices of branchlets, 4 - 8 x 1.5 - 3.5 cm, obovate, oblanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, cuneate at base, acute or obtuse at apex, entire to obscurely crenulate, sometimes slightly recurved along margins, coriaceous, glabrous, lateral veins and veinlets obscure; petioles 0.5 - 1.5 cm long, winged, reddish. Flowers unisexual or bisexual, axillary, solitary or extra axillary, nodding, ca 1.2 cm across, fragrant; pedicels ca 1.5 cm long, flat, 2-ridged, with either 2 small ovate bracteoles or their scars at the base of calyx. Sepals 4 - 5 x 3 - 4 mm, broadly ovate to orbicular, slightly retuse at apex, coriaceous, denticulate, glabrous, persistent. Petals 6 - 8 x 5 - 6 mm, oblong or obovate-cuneate, leathery, irregularly denticulate. Stamens yellow, many, in unequal, connate at base, epipetalous; filaments ca 1.5 mm long, terete; anthers 3 - 4 mm, linear, apiculate, glabrous. Ovary ca 4 - 5 mm long, 2 - 3 mm across, ovoid to globose, glabrous, 2 - 3-loculed, ovules 2 in each locule; styles ca 1 mm long, simple; stigma capitate, 2 - 3-lobed. Berries ca 2 - 2.5 cm across, ovoid to globose, tipped with persistent styles, brown, 3 - 4-seeded. Seeds 6 - 8 mm long, angular, red.

Fl. & Fr. Feb. - Nov.

Distrib. India: In tropical and subtropical evergreen forest between 1000 and 2200 m. Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala.

Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, China and S.E. Asia.





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