Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Actinidia callosa Lindley, Nat. Syst. ed. 2: 439. 1836. Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 286. 1874.


Scandent shrubs, up to 10 m; stems and branches reddish brown, glabrous or minutely tomentose. Leaves 5 - 15 x 2 - 10 cm, ovate, obovate to broadly elliptic, rarely ovate-lanceolate, obtuse to rounded at base, acute to acuminate at apex, denticulate, subentire to remotely crenate-serrulate, membranous, glabrous above, glabrous or rusty tomentose on veins beneath; petioles 1.5 cm long, glabrous or tomentose. Flowers solitary or 2 - 5 in cymes or pseudo-umbels; peduncles 1 - 1.5 cm long, glabrous or tomentose; pedicels 5 - 15 mm long, glabrous or tomentose; bracts minute. Sepals 3 - 4 x 2 - 3 mm, ovate to oblong, acute to obtuse at apex, glabrous or tomentose, connate at base. Petals 5 - 7 x 3 - 4 mm, obovate, obtuse or rounded at apex, glabrous. Stamens numerous, 3 - 4 mm long. Ovary 1 - 2 x 1.5 mm, subglobose, hairy; styles numerous, 2 - 3 mm long, clavate; stigmas simple. Berries 1 - 1.5 cm long, 5 - 15 mm in diam., obovoid to ellipsoid, sparsely warted. Seeds ca 1.5 mm long, ovoid, brownish-black.



KEY TO THE VARIETIES


1a. Leaves tomentose beneath; pedicels and sepals glabrous 1.1. callosa
b. Leaves tomentose on veins beneath; pedicels and sepals rusty tomentose 1.2. pubescens


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