Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Saurauia roxburghii Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 2: 40. 1831; Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 287. 1874.


Asm.: Bon-Posola, Paniposala, Porbotia-sengunia, Hengunia; Kh.: Dieng-soh-la-pied; Lep.: Safar-Kung; Mani.: Sing-kharu; Naga.: Tong-bahu, Dia-ching; Nep.: Gogun, Aule Gogun; Tipp.: Arbeng-Thing.

Shrubs or small trees, up to 10 m tall; young stems and branches covered with scurfy tomentum and scattered adpressed scales, scales ca 0.5 mm long, linear to subulate, ultimately glabrescent, terete. Leaves 8 - 35 x 2.5 - 13 cm, elliptic, elliptic-oblong, oblanceolate, acute, subacute or rounded at base, acute to shortly acuminate at apex, obtusely serrate, subcoriaceous, young leaves rusty tomentose with scales on midrib beneath, mature leaves glabrous on both surfaces, lateral veins 10 - 20 on either side of midrib; petioles 1 - 6 cm long, rusty tomentose with scattered scales, glabrescent. Flowers axillary, in 6 cm long cymes; peduncles and pedicels rusty tomentose; pedicels 2 - 10 mm long, glabrous; bracts minute, deltoid, acute. Sepals 2 - 3 x 2 - 3 mm, ovate to ovate-rounded, glabrous. Petals white becoming pink, 4 - 5 x 3 - 4 mm, connate at base, ovate, rounded at apex, glabrous. Stamens numerous. Ovary 1 - 2 x 1 mm, ovoid, glabrous; styles 5, 1 - 2 mm long, connate at base, persistent in young fruits. Berries 4 - 5 mm long, ca 5 mm across, subglobose, fleshy, whitish. Seeds numerous minute, brown.

Fl. March - May; Fr. Sept. - Feb.

Distrib. India: Eastern Himalayas and N.E. India in subtropical forests between 300 and 1200 m. West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya.

Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Laos and Malaysia.

Notes. Leaves used as fodder and wood for house construction. Mucilage from leaves used for preparing hair pomade.




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