Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

JSP Page
Blachia umbellata (Willd.) Baill., Etude Euphorb. 387, t. 19, ff. 18 - 20. 1858; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 402. 1887. Croton umbellatus Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 4: 545. 1805. Blachia reflexa Benth. in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 226. 1880; Chandrab. in A.N.Henry et al., Fl. Tamil Nadu, Ser. I. Analysis 2: 222. 1987.


Shrubs or trees, 2 - 8 m tall, entirely glabrous. Leaves elliptic-oblong to oblong-lanceolate or obovate to oblanceolate, acute, obtuse or cuneate at base, subacuminate, caudate or cuspidate at apex, 3 - 18 x 1 - 8 cm, membranous to thinly coriaceous; lateral nerves 5 - 18 pairs; petioles 2 - 10 mm long. Male inflorescences umbellate, 1 - 5 cm long; pedicels 7 - 12 mm long; sepals 4, orbicular, 2 - 2.5 x 1.8 - 2.5 mm; petals 4, orbicular to flabellate-unguiculate, 1.3 - 1.5 x ca 1.5 mm; disc glands 4; stamens 10 - 15 (- 20), 2 - 3 mm long; anthers orbicular, less than 1 mm across. Female inflorescences umbellate, 2 – 8-flowered, sessile or frequently on 2 – 5 mm long peduncles; pedicels 7 - 17 mm long; sepals 4 - 6, oblong-elliptic or ovate, 2 - 5 x 1 - 3 mm, persistent; disc glands connate in a ring; ovary subglobose, 1.5 - 2 mm in diam.; styles 3, 3 - 5 mm long, bifid. Fruits subglobose, 3-lobed, 10 - 12 x 11 - 15 mm, smooth, brown when dry; seeds broadly oblong-ellipsoid, ca 7 mm long, 5 - 6 mm thick.

Fl. & Fr. Jan. - Dec.

Distrib. India: Evergreen forests, often along stream sides, between 250 and 900 m altitudes in Western Ghats. Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Sri Lanka.




JSP Page
  • Search