Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

JSP Page
Naravelia zeylanica (L.) DC., Syst. Nat. 1: 167. 1817; Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 6. 1872. Artagene zeylanica L., Sp. Pl. 542. 1753.

Beng.: Chagul-bati, Murcha.

Climbers, woody, up to 12 m long; young parts pubescent; roots tuberous. Leaves 2 - 3-foliolate, ca 15 cm long; petioles up to 4.5 cm long; petiolules up to 2 cm long; terminal leaflet transformed into a 3-fid hooked tendril, up to 12 cm long; lateral leaflets broadly ovate, rounded or cordate at base, pubescent beneath, glabrous above. Flowers numerous, in divaricately branched, up to 15 cm long panicles, 1.2 - 1.8 cm across. Sepals 4 - 5, elliptic to broadly ovate, ca 6 x 3 cm, caducous, pubescent outside. Petals 6 - 12, linear to spathulate, narrower than sepals, ca 7 x 1 mm, greenish yellow, glabrous. Stamens numerous; fIlaments ligulate, glabrous; connectives produced beyond anther- lobes. Staminodes 10 - 14, petaloid. Achenes on ca 1 mm long stalks, ca 7 x 1 mm, red, sparsely hairy, with long twisted feathery 3.5 - 5 cm long tails.

Fl. & Fr. Oct. - Feb.

Distrib. India: Margins of tropical and subtropical forests, up to 1000 m. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

S. & S.E. Asia.


JSP Page
  • Search