Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Nigella sativa L., Sp. Pl. 753.1762. var. indica (Roxb.) DC., Syst. Nat. 1: 330. 1817. N. indica Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 646. 1824.

Beng.: Kala-jeera, Mugrala; Hindi: Krishna-jeera, Kala-jeera, Karounjee; Kan.: Karijeeringe; Mal. & Tam.: Karum-jeerakam.

Stems erect, hispid or glabrous. Leaves decompound; segments linear, divergent. Sepals 5, ovate-oblong, shortly clawed, white. Petals shortly stipitate; exterior side of lip of nectaries ovate, deeply 2-cleft, interior entire and acute. Carpels 5, as long as stamens. Follicles united longitudinally, tuberculate on back with subequal beak. Seeds ovoid to subtrigonous, rugulose-tuberculate.

Fl. & Fr. Jan. - Dec.

Distrib. India: Widely cultivated for its seed, frequently seen naturalised.

Notes. Roxburgh (l.c.) states that it is a native of 'Hindustan'. It is doubtfully distinct from the widely cultivated European N. sativa L.

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