Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Shorea roxburghii G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 813. 1831; Saldanha & E. Rao in Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 195. 1984. S. talura Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 618. 1832; Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 304.1874. Vatica laccifera Wight & Arn., Prodr. 84.1834. Shorea laccifera (Wight & Arn.) Heyne ex Wallich in DC. Prodr. 16(2): 630. 1868.

Kan.: jal, jala, jalalari, jalada, jalaranda, jhalla mara,· Mal.: Talurum,· Tam.: Kungili, Pinnamarom; Tel.: Talura, Talari; Eng.: Loc tree ofS.lndia, Taloora Loc Tree

Deciduous trees, ca 27 m tall; trunk ca 3 m in girth; bark light grey, fleshy, smooth or narrowly fissured; branchlets dark coloured, sJ:abrous. Leaves ca 22 x 8.5 cm, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, rounded or subcordate at base, acute or obtuse or sometimes emarginate at apex, undulate, glabrous above, tomentose or glabrescent beneath, brownish-green when young, dark green at maturity; lateral nerves 12 - 15 pairs, slender, prominent beneath, tending to bifurcate near margin, secondary nerves slender, remote, subscalariform, midrib evident towards base, applanate to somewhat depressed above, prominent and terete beneath; petioles 1 - 4 cm long, somewhat swollen in the distal half. Flowers white or pale pink ca 2.5 cm in diam., in dense, slender, terminal or lateral, drooping, lax panicles. Calyx 4 mm long, tubular, glabrescent, whitish; lobes deltoid, acute, margins ciliolate, two inner ones subacuminate. Corolla ca 1.2 cm long, oblong-lanceolate. Stamens 15 in 3 whorls; filaments short; anthers ovate with a curved ca 2 mm long appendage. Ovary globose or ovoid, hairy; styles longer than the ovary. Fruit belly ca 2.5 x 1.5 cm, ovoid, glabrous, tapering above into a slender, remnant style;three longer fruiting calyx lobes 9 - 11 cm long, spathulate, obtuse, saccate at base, with 7 - 10 slender, parallel veins; two shorter lobes ca 4.5 cm long, lorate.

Fl. Dec. - April; Fr. March - May.

Distrib. India: In dry deciduous forests and mixed evergreen forests up to 1000 m. Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China and Malaysia.

Notes. An elegant tree often planted in Karnataka for its timber and also as a host tree for the lac insect. It is a xerophilous species of Dipterocarps adapted to rather rigorous conditions.

Wood used for general construction purposes such as beams, bridges, piles, etc.; also used for manufacture of rough furniture, agricultural implements, tool handles, etc. The tree is a valuable host for the lac insect (Laccifera lacca).


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