Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Shorea tumbuggaia Roxb., [Hort. Beng. 43.1814, nom. nud.] Fl. Ind. 2: 617.1832; Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 306. 1874. Vatica tumbuggaia (Roxb.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. 84.1834.


Mal.: Tampakam; Tam.: Tambagom, Tambugai, Karuppu dammar, Kangu, Kungiliam,· Tel.: Thamba, Guggilamu, Nalladammara; Eng.: Green Dammar Tree.

Deciduous trees, up to 18 m tall; trunk ca 2 m in girth; bark dark brown, thick, rough, longitudinally fissured. Leaves 5.5 - 20 x 3.5 - 11.5 cm, ovate or oblong-cordiform, truncate or emerginate at base, acuminate at apex, glabrous on both surfaces; lateral nerves ca 8 pairs, prominent beneath; petioles 2 5 cm long, tomentose. Panicles terminal, ca 20 cm long, hoary or glabrous. Flowers shortly pedicelled, 1.5 cm long, fragrant; buds densely hairy. Corolla white, lobes attenuate upwards, softly hoary tomentose outside, glabrous and yellow inside. Staminal filaments dilated and more or less united at base; anthers with a hairy appendage. Stigma 3-lobulate. Fruit belly ca 2 cm long, ovoid, acuminate, pubescent; wings unequal, spathulate, obtuse, pubescent, three larger ones 3.5 - 4.5 x 1.5 cm, 8 - 10-nerved.

Fl. March - April; Fr. June - July.

Distrib. India: Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

Endemic.

Notes. This species is distributed in Seshachalam and Veligonda hills in Cuddappah district and Tirupati hills of Chittoor district of Andhra pradesh to North Arcot and Chingleput districts of Tamil Nadu. The tree tends to become stunted on dry ridges and plateau.

Wood used extensively for construction work, especially for beams, posts, door and window frames and for making agricultural implements. Oleo-resin is used in the indigenous system of medicine as an external stimulant.





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