Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Sphyranthera lutescens (Kurz) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl. & Prantl, Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 19c: 231. 1931. Codiaeum lutescens Kurz, Forest Fl. Burma 2: 405. 1877. Sphyranthera capitellata Hook.f. in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 18: t. 1702. 1877 & Fl. Brit. India 5: 477. 1888.


Shrubs or trees, 2 - 8 m tall; branchlets glabrous. Leaves elliptic to oblong or sometimes suborbicular, acute at base, shortly and bluntly acuminate at apex, 8 - 27 x 3.5 - 15 cm, thinly chartaceous to thinly coriaceous; lateral nerves 6 - 10 pairs; petioles 6 - 25 mm long. Male flowers: peduncles up to 10 mm long; pedicels 8 - 12 mm long; sepals oblong to ovate-triangular, 1 - 1.5 x 0.5 - 0.8 mm; petals 4, 0.5 - 0.8 x 0.7 - 1 mm; disc glands 4, transversely oblong to orbicular; stamens 8 - 10, 0.5 - 1 mm long. Female flowers: peduncles 3 - 25 mm long; pedicels 4 - 50 mm long; sepals 4 or 5, ovate or triangular or oblong, 1 - 1.5 x 0.5 - 1 mm; disc glands 3 or 4; ovary ca 1 mm in diam.; styles 3, 1 - 1.5 mm long, deflexed, multifid with numerous fibrous-laciniate branches. Fruits depressed globose, ca 12 mm in diam., smooth, pale greyish.

Fl. & Fr. March - Dec.

Distrib. India: Coastal forests, mixed forests, often in marshy areas along the riverbanks on clayey soil or limestones, up to 50 m altitude. Andaman & Nicobar Islands (common in Great Nicobar Island, rare elsewhere).

Endemic.




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