Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Evergreen, resinous trees; young shoots and inflorescences hoary, stellate-pubescent. Leaves coriaceous, feather veined; stipules narrow, deciduous, rarely large and persistent. Flowers pedicelled in terminal, lax, corymbose or lateral racemose panicles, panicles solitary or 2 - 3-fascicled. Calyx lobes imbricate, very shortly connate at base, persistent; lobes subequal, reflexed, scarcely enlarged in fruit. Stamens 15, rarely up to 55; anthers sessile or on very short filaments, linear or oblong, locules unequal, outer much longer, dehiscing longitudinally from apex to base, connective usually muticous. Ovary 3-locular, ovules 2 - 3 in each locule; styles subulate; stigmas minute, entire or shortly lobed. Capsules ovoid or subglobose, coriaceous, fleshy, indehiscent or 3-valved, 1-seeded, supported by reflexed, scarcely accrescent calyx. Cotyledons large, fleshy, unequal, lobed, enclosing the superior radicle.

Confined to S. India and Sri Lanka, 3 species; all 3 in India, 2 of them endemic to S. India.


1a. Young branches and inflorescences densely dark fulvous tufted tomentose; stipules persistent, loosely clustered around the hidden apical bud; appendage of anther connective recurved 1. Vateria copallifera
b. Young branches and inflorescences stellate-pubescent; stipules deciduous, not as above; appendage of anther connective straight 2
2a. Leaves acute or obtuse; latral nerves 14 pairs; calyx lobes lanceolate, obtuse, hoary puberulous on both surfaces; corolla lobes elliptic-oblong, obtuse, hardly twice as long as sepals, sparsely pubescent out side; Capsules ovoid, ellipsoid or oblong, obtuse at apex 2. Vateria Indica
b. Leaves shortly acuminate; lateral nerves 16 - 20 pairs; clayx lobes triangular, acute, minutely sparsely pubescent outside; corolla lobes elliptic, minutely apiculate, about 4 times as long as sepals, glabrous on both surfaces; capsules ovoid, narrowed towards apex, slightly curved 3. Vateria macrocarpa

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