Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Vateria copallifera (Retz.) Alston in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6: 26. 1931. Elaeocarpus copalliferns Retz., Obs. Bot. 4: 27.1786. Vateria acuminata Hayne, Getreue Darstell. Gew. 11: 5. 1830. V. indica Blume, Mus. Bot. 2: 29, t. 4. 1852, non L. 1753.

Trees, ca 30 m tall; trunk ca 4 m in girth; bark thin greyish-brown, brittle, slightly resinous; young branches, outside of stipules, inflorescences, bracts and parts of perianth exposed in bud, ovary and fruit densely fulvous-pubescent; petiole, lamina, nerves and midrib below sparsely pubescent. Leaves 15 - 20 x 8 cm, elliptic, broadly to narrowly oblong or oblong-lanceolate, obtuse or cordate to rounded at base, shortly acuminate at apex, thickly coriaceous; lateral nerves 18 - 25 pairs, prominent beneath; stipules 2 - 2.5 cm long, linear-deltoid to narrowly hastate, attenuate. Flowers creamy white, slightly fragrant, more or less secund in ca 20 cm long corymbose panicles. Calyx lobes subequal, hastate, subacute, imbricate at base only, ferruginous outside, canescent inside. Petals creamy white, oblong or orbicular, acute. Stamens 45 - 55; anthers yellow, puberulous. Nut 10 x 6 - 8 cm, ovoid, apiculate, base deeply impressed, pale brown; fruiting calyx lobes large, subequal, lanceolate, subacute, reflexed.

Fl. June.

Distrib. India: Evergreen forests of Western Ghats. Tamil Nadu (Courtallam).

Sri Lanka.

Notes. This species has been included here based on a single gathering of Kosterman (K) from Courtallam, Tamil Nadu, S. India.


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