Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Ancistrocladus tectorius (Lour.) Merr. in Lingnan Sci. J. 6: 329. 1930; Steenis, Fl. Males. 1,4: 8. 1948. Bembix tectoria Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 282. 1790. Ancistrocladus extensus Wallich ex Planch. in Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 3,13: 318.1849; Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 299.1874.


Lianas or shrubs with trailing branches; stems twisted, dark coloured, with woody hooks; some tendril-like, leafless branches with hooks arise from between and near the leaves. Leaves tufted at branch tips, sessle, 10 - 20 x 5 - 7 cm, obovate-oblong, oblanceolate, attenuate at base, subobtuse to acute at apex, glabrous, dark green, midrib prominent, lateral veins looping intramarginally, reticulate venation fine and distinct. Panicles repeatedly dichotomous, with divaricate divisions ultimately recurved; bracts ovate, acute. Calyx 5-lobed, lobes 3 - 6 x 2 - 3 mm, slightly decurrent with subparallel nervules, in fruiting 4 - 4.5 cm long. Petals 5, pink or white, 5 - 8 x 3 - 4 mm, oblique-ovate with involute margin, acute. Stamens 10; filaments 4 - 6 mm long, dilated at base; anthers basifixed. Ovary adnate to calyx, unilocular with a basal ovule; styles 3, erect; stigmas discoid. Fruit with spreading calyx wings, slightly decurrent on the obconical angular tube.

Fl. Jan. - March; Fr. March - May.

Distrib. India: In mixed evergreen forests up to 150 m. Andaman & Nicobar Islands(Andaman Islands).

Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam and S. China, Malaysia and Indonesia.

Notes. Stem used by Andamanese for making arrows.





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