Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Brassica oleracea L., Sp. Pl. 667. 1753.


Herbs, glabrous; stems 30 - 100 cm high. Leaves fleshy; lower leaves petioled, lyrately pinnatipartite, 15 - 40 cm long; terminal lobe broadly ovate or suborbicular, cordate at base, broadly dentate or crenate at margins, rounded at apex; lateral lobes 2 - 3 (-5) pairs, smaller than terminal. Upper leaves sessile, simple, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, rounded-cordate or often subamplexicaul at base. Racemes simple or often panicled, ebracteate, elongating to 30 cm in fruit; pedicels 1.5 - 2 cm long, up to 2.5 cm in fruit. Sepals erect, oblong, obtuse, 8 - 12 x 2 - 3 mm. Petals obovate, clawed, 15 - 20 x 4 - 6 cm. Stamens erect. Fruits erect or on erecto-patent pedicels, 6 - 10 cm long including 1 - 2 cm long often 1-seeded beak. Seeds reticulate.

The following varieties are cultivated for vegetable:




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