Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Croton klotzschianus (Wight) Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 276. 1861; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 392. 1887. Tiglium klotzschianum Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 5: t. 1914. 1852 (as 'klotcheanum').


Mal.: Nanchu; Tam.: Tani.

Shrubs (often bushy) or trees, 2 - 7 m tall; branchlets glabrous. Leaves oblong to elliptic or often ovate-oblong to obovate-oblong, acute, obtuse to rounded at base, shallowly serrate to subentire along margins, acute to acuminate at apex, 2 - 12 (- 15) x 1 - 4 (- 6) cm, membranous to chartaceous, glabrous or puberulous on nerves beneath, often glossy, penninerved (occasionally weakly trinerved at base); lateral nerves 5 - 10 pairs; basal glands subsessile; petioles 0.3 - 3 cm long; stipules linear-lanceolate or subulate, 3 - 7 mm long. Inflorescences terminal, (3 -) 5 - 10 (- 18) cm long. Male flowers: pedicels 2.5 - 5 mm long; sepals oblong, elliptic to ovate, 1.5 - 3 x 0.5 - 2 mm; petals obovate to oblanceolate , 1.8 - 3 x 0.5 - 2 mm; stamens (8 -) 11 - 14, 2 - 3 mm long. Female flowers: pedicels 1.5 - 4 mm long; sepals 5 (- 7), narrowly oblong to lanceolate, 1.5 - 4 x 0.5 - 2 mm; petals 0 - 5, filiform or subulate, up to 1.5 mm long; ovary subglobose, 1.5 - 2.5 mm in diam., tomentose or hirsute; styles 3.5 - 6 mm long, free, bifid. Capsules subglobose, 3-lobed, 6 - 10 mm in diam., glabrous to sparsely puberulous.

Fl. & Fr. Jan. - Dec.

Distrib. India: Evergreen forests, at 200 - 1000 m altitude. Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Sri Lanka.

Notes. Superficially, C. klotzschianus is similar to C. gibsonianus and distinguishable only by its smaller fruits. See notes under C. gibsonianus.




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