Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Herbs or undershrubs, annual or perennial, glabrous or with unbranched hairs. Basal leaves large, entire or pinnatifid, lyrate or toothed, glabrous or simple hairy; cauline leaves much smaller. Racemes elongate, usually panicled. Flowers conspicuous, white, rarely golden yellow. Sepals oblong, spreading. Petals obovate, cuneate at base, longer than sepals. Filaments of the larger stamens frequently toothed at apex. Fruit a transversely articulate 2-jointed indehiscent silicula; the lower joint short, cylindrical, sterile or rarely 1-seeded, forming a stalk with gynophore; the upper globose or ovoid, 1-seeded, at first fleshy, later becomes dry and thick, indehiscent; seed pendent, globose, cotyledons 2-lobed, conduplicate.

Europe, North Atlantic Islands, Tropical Africa, C. & W. Asia; about 25 species, 1 in India.




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