Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Abutilon fruticosum Guillemin & Perrottet in Guillemin et al., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 70. 1830; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 328. 1874.


Erect undershrubs, 60 - 120 cm high; stems woody, densely pubescent with minute, Whitish stellate hairs when young. Leaves 1.5 - 9 x 1.8 cm, deeply cordate, ovate to ovate obloug, acute at apex, crenate or denticulate, 5 - 9-nerved at base, densely pubescent with whitish stellate hairs on both surfaces; petioles 5 - 7 mm long, stellate-pubescent; stipules 1.5 - 3 mm long, linear, stellate-hairy. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicels equal to or longer than petioles, jointed 2 - 3 mm below the calyx, stellate-pubescent. Calyx 4 - 6 mm across, campanulate, divided to the middle, lobes 4 - 5 x 2 - 3 mm, ovate, acute or slightly acuminate, 3-nerved, densely stellate-pubescent on both surfaces. Corolla yellow; petals 6 - 10 x 4 - 5 mm. Staminal column 3 - 4 mm long, antheriferous towards apex, sparsely stellate-hairy. Schizocarps 5 - 11 mm high, oblong-acute; mericarps 10, 5 - 11 x 5 - 6 mm, obliquely truncate, without awns, stellate-tomentose along margins, 2 - 3 seeded. Seeds 1- 1.5 mm across, reniform, glabrate with stout white or brown simple straght or hooked hairs.



KEY TO THE VARIETIES


1a. Schizocarp densely stellate-hairy, golden yellow 2.1. chrysocarpa
b. Schizocarp sparsely stellate-hairy, pale greenish 2.2. fruticosum


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