Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Claoxylon khasianum Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 411. 1887; Kanjilal et al., Fl. Assam 4: 210. 1940; Susila & N.P.Balakr. in Rheedea 5(2): 127. 1995. C. khasianum var. serrulatum Hook.f., l. c. 411. 1887, (as 'serrulata').


Shrubs or small trees, 2 - 10 m tall; stems hollow. Leaves linear-lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, acute, cuneate-obtuse or rounded at base, acute to acuminate at apex, crenate-dentate, obscurely serrate or serrulate (each tooth ending with a gland) along margins, 10 - 25 x 6 - 19 cm, membranous to chartaceous, finely pubescent on nerves beneath; lateral nerves 6 - 12 pairs; petioles 3 - 15 cm long. Male flowers: clustered in filiform 5 - 30 cm long hirsute spikes; flowers in axils of bracts, 3 - 5 mm across; bracts ovate, 1 - 2 x ca 1 mm; pedicels 2 - 3 mm long; sepals 3 (-4), ovate, ca 3 x 2 mm; stamens 35 - 40 or ca 50, mixed with hyaline ca 0.5 mm long scales or glands; filaments up to 3 mm long; anther-thecae 0.5 - 0.7 mm across. Female flowers: 3 - 7 mm across, solitary, in 3 - 9 cm long panicles; ovary 5 - 8 mm across, white pubescent; styles 3, 3 - 5 mm long, plumose. Fruits 3-lobed, globose, 1 - 1.8 cm across, hirsute or finely pubescent, thinly crustaceous; seeds globose, 6 - 8 mm across.

Fl. & Fr. Feb. - Nov.

Distrib. India: Mainly in hills and mountains, 1000 - 1600 m. Assam, Meghalaya and Nagaland.

Bangladesh, Myanmar, China and Vietnam.

Notes. Chromosome number: 2n = 96 (Sarkar et al., Taxon 27: 53 - 61. 1978).





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