Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Annual or perennial herbs, erect or decumbent, pubescent or villous. Leaves suborbicular, deeply lobed or partite or rarely entire. Flowers axillary, solitary or in fascicles or in long terminal racemes towards the end of branches. Epicalyx cupular, segments 6 - 9, connate at base, deltoid, densely lanate and bristly. Calyx campanulate,5-lobed, densely hairy. Corolla infundibular; petals obovate-cuneate. Staminal column antheriferous almost up to base, hairy. Carpels numerous, many-Ioculed, one ovule in each locule; style-branches as many as carpels, filiform; stigmas adaxial. Schizocarp with mericarps arranged in a circle around axis, indehiscent, ultimately separating at maturity.

SubtropIcal and temperate regions of Europe and Asia, ca 20 species; 2 in India.


1a. Prostrate or ascending herbs; leaves 5 - 7-lobed; Petals white; schizocarps with 8 - 9 mericarpl, glabrous 1. Althaea ludwigii
b. Erect herbs or undershrubs; leaves entire or slightly 3-lobed; Petals pinkish; schizocarps with 10 - 15 mericarps, stellate-pillose 2. Althaea officinalis

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