Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Claoxylon longifolium (Blume) Endl. ex Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. 235. 1844; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 411. 1887; Susila & N.P.Balakr. in Rheedea 5(2): 122, f. 3. 1995. Erythrochilus longifolius Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 616. 1826.


Shrubs or small trees, up to 9 m tall, evergreen. Leaves elliptic-lanceolate, obovate to elliptic-oblanceolate, narrowed at both ends, attenuate, acute, obtuse, truncate or rounded at base, crenate-serrate, irregularly toothed with glands or subentire along margins, acute or caudate at apex, 12 - 25 x 5 - 10 cm, chartaceous to subcoriaceous, subglabrous (finely pubescent on young leaves) or minutely puberulous beneath; lateral nerves 6 - 12 pairs; petioles 2 - 12 cm long, finely puberulous. Male flowers: in terminal or axillary pendulous 8 - 20 (- 30) cm long racemes; flowers clustered in axils of bracts; bracts ovate, up to 1 mm across; pedicels 3 - 4 mm long; sepals 3, oblong-ovate, 2 - 3 mm across; stamens 35 - 50; filaments free, 1 - 1.5 mm long, with 0.5 - 1 mm long hyaline scales or glands with a tuft of hairs; anthers globose, ca 0.6 mm across. Female flowers: solitary in axils of bracts, arranged in short 3 - 8 cm long racemes; bracts ovate, 1 - 1.5 mm long; pedicels 0.5 - 1 mm long; calyx spathaceous, 4 or 5-lobed; lobes ovateorbicular to triangular, 1 - 2 mm long; ovary subglobose, 3-loculed, 3 - 4 mm across, densely pubescent; styles 2, plumose, fimbriate-fringed, recurved, 1 - 1.5 mm long. Fruits tridymous, 1 - 1.5 cm across, contracted at base to a 3 - 5 mm long pedicel, smooth, ochraceous tomentellous; seeds globose to obovoid, 5 - 7 mm across.

Fl. & Fr. April - Dec.

Distrib. India: In dense evergreen primary or secondary forests, at low levels up to 500 m. Meghalaya, West Bengal and (?) Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Myanmar, China, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Malesia to New Guinea.

Uses. In Malaysia and Philippines, the young shoots are used as vegetable.





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