Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medikus, Pflanzengatt. 1: 85. 1792; Hook. f & T. Anderson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 159. 1872. Thlaspi bursa-pastoris L., Sp. Pl. 647. 1753.

Eng.: Shepherd's purse; Kash.: Drati, Kral-mund.

Herbs, annual, erect, sparsely branched, up to 45 cm high, glabrous. Basal leaves rosulate, oblong-lanceolate, pinnati-partite, sometimes runcinate, rarely entire, shortly stalked, 2 - 14 x 0.5 - 3.5 cm; lobes triangular or oblong-triangular and acute; cauline leaves ovate-lanceolate to linear, auricled and clasping at base, entire or denticulate, acute at apex, serrate-dentate or entire, 1 - 7 x 0.2 - 2 cm. Racemes congested at anthesis, much elongated at maturity reaching up to 30 cm long in fruit; pedicels spreading to horizontal. Sepals oblong, obtuse at apex, ca 1.5 x 1 mm, usually green, pubescent or not. Petals white, oblanceolate, 2 - 2.5 x 0.5 - 1 mm. Fruits obcordate to obtriangular, 5 - 9 x 3.5 - 6 mm, scarcely attenuate at base, straight or convex at lateral margins, slightly emarginate at apex, with wide apical notch; apical lobes subacute. Seeds up to 12 in each locule, ellipsoid, ca 1 mm long, reddish brown to black.

Fl. & Fr. March - Oct.

Distrib. India: Weed of roadsides and alpine meadows, 1600 - 4000 m. Throughout the temperate regions of Himalayas and Nilgiris.

Cosmopolitan except in the tropics.

Notes. Plants used as an astringent in diarrhoea and as a diuretic in dropsy. Fruits eaten raw. Leaves used as greens.

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