Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Coronopus didymus (L.) Smith, Fl. Britain 2: 691. 1800. Lepidium didymum L., Mant. Pl. 1: 92. 1767. Senebiera pinnatifida DC. in Mem. Soc. Rist. Nat. Paris 144, t. 9. 1799. S. didyma (L.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 185. 1807.

Eng.: Lesser-wart cress; Kash.: Taribad; Punj.: Hurwal, Maloone.

Herbs, foetid, annual or biennial, 10 - 40 cm high with slender taproot and diffuse or procumbent branches; stems angular, sulcate, much-branched from base, spreading and ascending, clothed with unbranched or 2-fid hairs. Lower leaves oblong in general outline, long-petioled, deeply pinnatipartite, 7 - 10 x 1.5 - 2 cm, often glabrous, segments usually pinnatifid; lobes with a few teeth; cauline leaves much smaller. Racemes 30 - 60-flowered, dense, 3 - 5 cm long in fruit; pedicels 1.5 - 3 mm in flower, 3 - 5 mm long and spreading in fruit. Sepals ovate-rounded, 0.5 - 0.75 mm long. Petals linear, ca 0.5 mm long. Stamens 4 - 6, fertile stamens 2. Fruits emarginate at base and notched at apex, netted rugose, 1.5 - 1.7 x 2 - 2.5 mm, reticulate-pitted, greyish, divided into 2 one-seeded nutlets; style much included within the notch. Seeds reniform, flattened punctate-striate, ca 1 mm long, light brown.

Fl. & Fr. Almost throughout the year.

Distrib. India: Almost in all the states.

Native of South America, naturalised widely in Western and Central Europe, Africa, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Notes. A good fodder. In Kashmir the young fruits are used in salad preparations.

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