Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Malpighia coccigera L., Sp. Pl. 426. 1753.

Tam.: Simainelli.

Shrubs; branches rough. Leaves suborbicular to elliptic, rounded to truncate at base, rounded to slightly notched at apex, 1-1.5 x 0.75-1.2 cm, glabrous, margin projected into mucronate marginal teeth, revolute between teeth; petioles 1-2 cm long, glabrous. Flower-buds globose to subglobose, 2-4 mm across; flowers on dwarf shoots, axillary,single or paired; pedicels 1.3-1.7 cm long, articulated below middle at 5-8 mm from base, glabrous; bracteoles ca 0.3 mm long. Calyx-lobes 2-2.5 mm long, blunt; glands 6-10, flat, elliptic, ca 1.5 mm across. Petals 7-11 x 3-7 mm, whitish to pale pink or light red. Filaments slightly unequal, ca 2-3 mm long; anthers ovoid, ca 1.5 mm long. Styles 3, two ascending in a row, ca 5 mm long, one abortive, ca 2 mm long. Fruits red, 8-10 mm across, only 1-2 mericarps develop.

Fl. & Fr. Oct. - Dec.

Native of C. America.

Uses. Cultivated for their edible fruits and as ornamental hedge plant.

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