Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Claoxylon rostratum Airy Shaw in Kew Bull. 32: 389. 1978; Chakrab. in J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 6: 451. 1985; Susila & N.P.Balakr. in Rheedea 5(2): 138, f. 8. 1995.


Shrubs or trees, 2 - 12 m tall. Leaves narrowly to broadly elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, obovate to oblanceolate, cuneate or rarely obtuse or truncate at base, subentire to obscurely sinuate-serrate along margins, acute to caudate-acuminate at apex, 9 - 37 x 3 - 17 cm, membranous to subcoriaceous, finely pubescent or pilose on nerves; lateral nerves 5 - 10 pairs; basal glands 2; petioles 1 - 14 cm long; stipules minute or obsolete. Male flowers: clustered in axillary or terminal racemes, 4 - 25 cm long; flowers in axils of bracts, 3 - 5 mm across; pedicels 2 - 4 mm long; sepals 3, ovate to orbicular, 1.5 - 2 mm across, tomentellous; stamens ca 40, clustered on a central receptacle mixed with a tuft of hyaline purplish scales or glands at apex; filaments 0.5 - 1.5 mm long; anthers globose, 0.5 - 0.7 mm across. Female flowers: solitary in axils of bracts, in axillary or terminal 3 - 12 cm long subumbellate racemes; rachis pubescent; bracts ovate-lanceolate or broadly triangular, 1 - 1.5 mm across; pedicels 1 - 5 mm long; sepals 3 - 5, spathaceous, triangular-ovate, 2 - 3 mm across, densely puberulous outside; disc shortly cupular, ca 1 mm high; ovary broadly ovoid, 2 (or 3)-loculed, ca 4 mm across, densely appressed pubescent; styles 2 (or 3), recurved, 1 - 1.5 mm long. Fruits compressed, subpyriform or inflated-subglobose, bilobed, conspicuously stipitate at base and rostrate at apex, bilocular, 7 - 14 mm long (excluding apical beak and basal stipe), 10 - 15 mm across, appressed ochraceous-puberulous, greenish or dark purple when dry; stipe attenuate, 3.5 - 10 mm long; apical beak 3 - 18 mm long; recurved, fruiting pedicels 2 - 10 mm long; seeds globose, 5 - 8 mm across.

Fl. & Fr. Feb. - Dec.

Distrib. India: In dense evergreen inland forests, along sides of streams, and also in scrub forests, on rocky or sandy loam or red soil, up to 700 m altitude. Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Myanmar.





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