Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Stigmaphyllon ciliatum (Lam.) A. Juss. in St. Hil., Fl. Brazil Merid. 3: 49. 183. 1832. Banisteria ciliata Lam., Encycl. 1: 369. 1783.

Shrubs; branches white-sericeous when young, glabrescent when mature. Leaves ovate, deeply cordate and lobed at base, obtuse or rounded at apex, ciliate-glandular along margins, 3-8 x 2.5-7 cm, white appressed-pubescent when young,glabrescent with age; nerves produced beyond margins and ending in short red glandular processes; petioles ca 4 cm long, glabrate, 2-glandular at base; stipules minute, ca 0.3 mm long. Umbes 4-7-flowered; peduncles 1.5-6 cm long, sparsely pubescent; pedicels 6-13 mm long, articulate at 2-3 mm from base; bracts lanceolate, 15-2 mm long; bracteoles ca 1 mm long. Flowers 3.5-4 cm across; flower-buds globose, 3-4 mm across. Calyx-lobes broadly ovate, obtuse, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 mm, glandular; glands 8, ovate. Petals unequal, yellow, one smaller; limbs orbicular or rounded-oblong, concave, irregularly fringed, ca 15 x 9 mm. Stamens unequal, 3 longer and thicker; filaments ca 2 mm long; anthers Oblong, blunt, ca 1 mm long. Ovary white-woolly; styles ca 5 mm long; stigma foliaceous. Samaras 2-2.5 x 1-1.5 cm.

Fl. & Fr. July - Nov.

A native of tropical America.

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