Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Stigmaphyllon periplocifolium (Desf.) A. Juss., Malp. Syn. 290. 1840 et in Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 3: 380. 1843. Banisteria periplocaefolia Desf. in Tab. Ec. Bot. 136. 1804.

Twining shrubs; young branches white-sericeous. Leaves elliptic-oblong or linear, shallowly cordate or entire at base, emarginate or apiculate at apex, 1-14 x 0.5-9.5 cm, coriaceous, glabrous on both surfaces; petioles 8-25 mm long, 2-glandular at apex. Flowers arranged in more or less elongate racemes or subumbellate corymbs; pedicels 10-20 mm long; bracts and bracteoles lanceolate, ca 1 mm long. Flower-buds globose, 3-4 mm across. Calyx-lobes ovate, acute, 1.5-2 x 2-2.5 mm; glands 5(-9), situated below calyx. Petals clawed, 4 subequal, 1 smaller, yellow; limbs suborbicular, entire or crenulate along margins, 6-9 x 4-5 mm. Stamens 6 opposite to petals fertile, 4 sterile; filaments ca 2 mm long; anthers 1-1.5 mm long. Ovary white-woolly; styles ca 2 mm long; stigma foliaceous. Samaras 16-20 x 7-9 mm.

Fl. July.

A native of tropical America.

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