Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Pavonia arabica Hochst. & Steudel ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 1: 837. 1867; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 331. 1874.


Undershrubs; perennial; stems, petioles and pedicels densely stellate-hairy or viscid pubescent. Leaves 2 - 3.5 x 1 - 2.5 cm, ovate or oblong, rounded or truncate at base, obtuse or apiculate at apex, entire or denticulate, 5 - 7-nerved from base, stellate- pubescent on both surfaces; petioles 1 - 2.5 cm long; stipules 4 mm long, linear, stellate-hairy. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicels 1.5 - 2 cm long, jointed near apex. Epicalyx segments 10 - 12, free to the base, 10 - 14 mm long, linear with stellate and long simple hairs, enclosing schizocarp, persistent. Calyx lobes connate at base or sometimes up to middle, lobes 3 - 6 x 2 mm, ovate-lanceolate, stellate hairy on both surfaces, densely so outside. Petals pink, entire or bilobed to the base, 7 - 12 x 5 - 7 mm, hairy at base. Staminal column ca 6 mm long, antheriferous throughout. Schizocarps 4 - 5 mm across, globose, obtuse; mericarps 5, 5 x 3 mm, trigonous, villous. Seeds ca 2 mm long, globose, pubescent with spirally coiled hairs and with short tubercles in longitudinal rows, brown.



KEY TO THE VARIETIES


1a. Petals unlobed 2
b. Petals deeply bilobed to the base 1.3. massuriensis
2a. Plants densely pubescent, not viscid 1.1. arabica
b. Plants densely viscid pubescent 1.2. glutinosa


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