Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Pavonia glechomifolia (A. Rich.) Garcke ex Schewin. f., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop. 1: 54. 1867; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 330. 1874. p.p. Lebretonia glechomifolia A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 54. 1874. Pavonia coxii Tadulingam & Jacob in J. Ind. Bot. Soc. 5: 11. 1926.

Undershrubs, erect, up to 1.5 m high; stems purple with scattered minute simple and stellate hairs. Leaves 1.2 - 3.5 x 1.4 - 3 cm, ovate-cordate, entire or 3-angled, acute at apex, irregularly dentate, 7-nerved at base, stellate-hairy on both surfaces; petioles 0.8 - 2.5 cm, stellate-hairy; stipules 1.5 - 6 mm long, linear, hairy. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicels 1.5 - 4 cm, jointed towards tip, stellate-hairy. Epicalyx segments 5, connate at base, spreading, 16 - 18 x 3 - 4 mm, lanceolate, stellate-hairy outside, sparsely simple and rarely stellate-hairy inside, margins with stellate and simple hairs. Calyx 6 - 10 mm long, 5-lobed, lobes connate at base, 6 - 10 x 4 - 5 mm, deltoid-ovoid, acute, stellato hairs intermingled with gland-tipped hairs on outside, sparsely pubescent inside. Corolla yellow with dark purple centre, 1 - 2 cm across; petals 12 - 15 x 7 - 10 mm, rhomboid-obovate, more or less rounded at apex, ciliate at base, scattered with stellate hairs and a few gland-tipped hairs outside, margins sparsely with few simple hairs. Staminal column ca 1 cm long, antheriferous mainly towards apex, 5-toothed at apex. Ovary ca 1 x 1.5 mm, obovate; style to the branching ca 10 mm long; stigmas 10, capitate, densely pubescent. Schizocarps 5 - 6 mm across; mericarps ca 4 mm long, pyriform, echinate all over, dorsally longitudinally carinate. Seeds ca 3 x 2 mm, pyriform, sparsely hairy towards base and hilum, brown.

Fl. & Fr. Sept. - Feb.

Distrib. India: In dry deciduous forests up to 600 m. Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Pakistan and Ethiopia.

Notes. Most botanists consider this species to be conspecific with Pavonia procumbens (Wight & Arn.) Walp., but can be readily distinguished from it by purple coloured stem, longer epicalyx segments, yellow corolla with dark purple centre and echinate mericarps.


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