Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Pavonia grewioides Hochst. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 1: 837. 1867. P. ceratocarpa Dalz. ex Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 331. 1874.

Guj.: Karandiya, Khati-chhas.

Undershrubs, Up to 45 cm high, with woody stems and purplish branches; stems, petioles and pedicels densely stellate-pubescent, ultimately glabrescent. Leaves 2 - 6 x 1 - 2 cm, oblong, truncate or shallowly cordate at base, obtuse at apex, coarsely serrate, 5-nerved at base, stellate-pubescent on both surfaces, densely so beneath; petioles 1 - 2.5 cm long; stipules ca 4 mm long, linear with stellate and few simple hairs. Flowers axillary, solitary or in clusters at the apices of stems; pedicels 5 - 7 mm long, accrescent up to 2.5 cm, jointed towards tip. Epicalyx segments 8 - 10, free, 8 - 10 x 1 mm, linear, stellate-hairy outside, glabrous inside. Calyx campanulate, 5-lobed, lobes more or less connate up to the middle, ca 8 x 5 mm, ovate-acute, prominently 5-nerved, densely stellate-hairy outside, densely appressed with simple and stellate hairs towards apex and margin inside. Corolla yellow, turning red; petals ca 15 x 13 mm, more or less obovate, obtuse or truncate, sparsely stellate-hairy towards apex outside, glabrous inside. Staminal column ca 10 mm long, glabrous, antheriferous throughout, 5-toothed at apex; filaments of basal stamens as long as staminal column. Ovary ca 1.5 mm long, obovoid; styles to the branching 10 mm long; stigmas capitate. Schizocarps 10 - 15 mm across, depressed globose; mericarps ca 5 mm high, pyriform, woody, muricated with 3 stout horns and 4 basal wing-like appendages, glabrous, splitting through the back. Seeds ca 1.5 mm across, reniform, glabrous, brownish.

Fl. & Fr. Aug. - Nov.

Distrib. India: In dry deciduous forests up to 608 m. Maharashtra and Gujarat; rare.

Pakistan and Ethiopia.

Notes. This species apparently resembles Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Garcke.

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