Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Pavonia odorata Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 837. 1800; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 331.1874. Hibiscus odoratus Roxb. [Hort. Ben. 50 . 1814. nom. nud.] ex Wight & Arn., Prodr. 47. 1934.

Erect, odorous herbs, up to 40 cm high; stems, petioles and pedicels covered with sample glandular hairs. Leaves 2 - 10 x 1.5 - 4 cm, orbicular-ovate, occasionally upper ones lanceolate, cordate or more or less truncate at base, obscurely 3 - 5 -lobed, middle lobe longer, acute or slightly acuminate at apex irregularly dentate, 3 - 7-nerved at base, scattered stellate-hairy on both surfaces, densely so beneath; petioles 1 - 8 cm long; stipules ca 2 mm long, linear, hairy, deciduous. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicels 1.5 - 4 cm, accrescent up to 6 cm long, jointed above the middle. Epicalyx segments 10 - 12, free, 0.5 - 1.5 cm long, linear, ciliate, persistent. Calyx ca 3 mm across, 5-lobed, lobes connate at base, ca 4 x 1.5 mm, ovate-Ianceolate, scattered simple hairy on both surfaces.Petals pink, 1 - 2 cm long, glabrous. Staminal column shorter than petals, glabrous. Ovary globose; stigmas capitate. Mericarps 5, ca 4 x 2 mm, more or less reniform, unarmed, wingless, glabrous. Seeds 2 mm long, reniform, minutely papillose, brownish-black.

Fl. & Fr. Aug. - Feb.

Distrib. India: Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa, Bihar, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Africa and Myanmar.

Notes. Occasionally cultivated in gardens for its scented flowers. Leaves are edible. Roots are reported to be used for making a perfume called 'Hina'.

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