Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Pavonia procumbens (Wallich ex Wight & Arn.) Walp., Rep. Bot. Syst. 1: 301. 1842, non Casaretto, 1842; Lebertonia procumbens Wallich [Cat. No. 2688. 1831, nom. nud.] ex Wight & Arn., Prodr. 47. 1834.

Undershrubs or herbs, procumbent or spreading; stems, petioles and pedicels more or less covered with minute stellate, simple and some scattered gland-tipped. Leaves 2 - 10 x 1.5 - 9 cm, orbicular to ovate, often 3-lobed, cordate at base, obtusely acuminate at apex, coarsely crenate to serrate, 5 - 7-nerved at base, sparsely minute stellate and simple hairy above, densely pubescent with minute stellate hairs beneath, ultimately glabrescent; petioles 0.5 - 9 cm; stipules 3 - 5 mm long, linear to filiform, hairy. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicels 1.5 - 6 cm, jointed above the middle, usually geniculate at joint and densely hairy above the joint. Epicalyx rotate, segments 5, shortly connate at base, 5 - 10 x 3 - 6 mm, ovate, acuminate at base, acute to acuminate at apex, usually 3-nerved, stellate-hairy on both surfaces, margins with dense, minute stellate hairs intermixed with some long, patent, simple hairs. Calyx 9 - 12 mm across,. campanulate, connate up to middle, lobes 5 - 8 x 3 - 4 mm, ovate to lanceolate, acute to acuminate, densely stellate-hairy outside, glabrous inside. Corolla yellow, 1.5 - 2 cm across; petals ca 14 x 10 mm, obovate, rounded at apex, ciliate at base, scattered stellate-hairy outside, glabrous inside. Staminal column ca 5 mm long, sparsely stellate-hairy, antheriferous towards apex. Mericarps 5, ca 5 mm long and ca 3 mm across, obliquely triquetrous, obovoid, obtuse, each with a median, dorsal serrulate crest and 3 - 4 lateral stout ridges on either side, sparsely ferruginous stellate-hairy or glabrous; indehiscent. Seeds ca 2 mm across, reniform, angular, glabrous, brownish-black.

Fl. & Fr. Aug. - Dec.

Distrib. India: In dry deciduous forests and arid areas. Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Pakistan, Arabia, Africa, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Malesia.

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