Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Pavonia zeylanica (L.) Cav., Diss. 3: 134, t. 48 f. 2. 1787; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 331.1874. Hibiscus zeyianicus L., Sp. PI . 699. 1753.

Perennial undershrubs or herbs, up to 1 m high; stems stout and woody at base, profusely branching towards tip, branches decumbent; stems, petioles and pedicels pubescent with stellate and some long, patent, simple hairs. Leaves 1 - 4 x 0.8 - 3.5 cm, orbicular to obovoid-rounded, deeply 3 - 5-lobed, cordate at base, acute or rounded at apex, dentate, sparsely stellate-hairy on both surfaces; petioles 0.5 - 8 cm; stipules ca 2 mm long, linear, hairy, deciduous. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicels 1 - 4 cm, jointed towards apex. Epicalyx segments 10, 6 - 10 mm long, linear, ciliate, persistent. Calyx campanulate, 5-lobed, lobes free to the middle, 2 - 4 x 1.5 mm, ovate, lanceolate or deltoid, sparsely simple hairy outside, glabrous inside. Corolla pale pink or pinkish- white; petals 10 x 5 mm, glabrous. Staminal column 8 mm long, antheriferous throughout. Ovary 1.5 mm across, more or less ovoid, glabrous; style-branches 10; stigmas capitate. Schizocarps globular, pubescent; mericarps 5, 4 x 3 mm, oblong, obtuse, slightly winged at angles, awnless, glabrous, dehisces from top. Seeds ca 3 x 1.5 mm, reniform, minutely pubescent.

Fl. & Fr. July - Dec.

Distrib. India; In arid areas and dry deciduous forests up to 600 m. Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Orissa, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Arabia, Maurtitius and Africa.


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