Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Fagonia schweinfurthii (Hadidi) Hadidi ex Ghafoor in Jafri & El-Gadi, Fl. Libya 38: 31. 1977. F. indica Burm. f. var.schweinfurthii Hadidi in Reich. f., Fl. Iran. 98: 6. t. 6. 1972. F. cretica auct. non L. 1753: T. Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bombay 1: 164. 1901, p.p. F. arabica auct. non L. 1753: Edgew. & Hook.f. in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 425. 1874, p.p.

Guj.:Dharaman, Dhamaso; Mar.: Dhamaso; Punj.: Dama, Dhamarh, Samaba; Raj.: Dhamasa; Tel.: Chittigara, Hinguna, Ustarkhar.

Shrublets, annual or perennial, prostrate to erect, glandular to glabrous, up to 50 cm high, internodes 1 - 3 cm long, striate. Leaves trifoliolate, upper ones unifoliolate; stipular spines patent, shorter than leaves, sometimes much reduced. Flowers 8 - 10 mm across, pinkish-purple; pedicels up to 8 mm long, glandular to glabrous. Sepals persistent, ovate, 3 - 4 x 1.5 - 2 mm, sparsely glandular outside. Petals obtuse, 4 - 6 x 2 - 3 mm. Stamens ca 5 mm long. Capsules ca 4 x 4 mm, softly hairy.

Fl. & Fr. Almost throughout the year.

Distrib. India: Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.

Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Arabia to southern Sahara and tropical Africa.

Notes. In Indian Floras F. schweinfurthii Hadidi and F. indica Burm. f. are erroneously identified either as F. cretica L. or F. arabica L. Examination of the type of F. cretica L. has revealed that it does not occur in Indian subcontinent and is probably restricted to mediterranian region (Hadidi, 1972).

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