Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Zygophyllum simplex L., Mant. Pl. 68. 1767; Edgew. & Hook.f. in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 424. 1874. Z. Portulacoides Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 88. 1875.


Guj.: Alathi, Alethi; Hindi: kuni, Lunwo; Raj.: Lunwo.

Herbs, annual, procumbent to subterete, glabrous, slender, much branched, 10 - 20 cm high; internodes up to 3 cm long, green to purple. Leaves simple, sessile, opposite, unequal, 10 - 20 x 1 - 2 mm, cylindric, succulent; stipules lanceolate, acute. Flowers ca 5 mm across, yellow; pedicels slender, ca 2 mm long. Sepals 5, cucullate, obovate, obtuse, ca 2 x 1 mm. Petals 5, spathulate, ca 3 x 1 mm, membranous. Disk 10-lobed. Stamens 10,2 - 3 mm long; staminal scales ca 1 mm long, bipartite; anthers oblong. Ovary ca 1 mm across, 5-loculed; style angular, ca 1 mm long, persistent; stigma minute. Capsules turbinate, 5-angled, ca 3 mm across, rugulose, septicidally dehiscent into 5 cocei; seeds 2 - 3 per coccus, plano-convex, acute at both ends, brown.

Fl. & Fr. Aug. - Jan.

Distrib. India: Haryana, Rajasthan and Gujarat.

Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Arabia to N. Africa & Namibia.

Chromosome no. 2n = 20 (Fedorov, Chromo. Numb. Fl. Pl. 727. 1974, n = 8 (Eid in Taxon 19: 265. 1970).





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