Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Her. ex Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 414. 1789; Edgew. & Hook.f. in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 434. 1874. Geranium cicutarium L., Sp. Pl. 618. 1753.


Annuals, 4 - 40(-60 - 120) cm hip, erect or straggling, glandular-pubescent or eglandular. Leaves pinnatisect, 20 - 50 x 8 - 27 mm, glandular-pubescent; segments pinnati-partite or-sect into small acute lobes; stipules ovate-lanceolate, sometimes connate, 2.5 - 5 mm long, scarious, ciliate-pubescent. Peduncles 2 - 8-flowered, 1.5 - 6.5 cm long, reflexed in fruits, patent-glandular; bracts ovate, acute, connate, ciliate. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, apiculate, 3 - 4 mm long, up to 6 mm in fruits, membranous along margins, glandular-pubescent. Petals scarcely exceeding sepals, ciliate, apex 1 - 2-setose. Filaments dilated at base, ca 2.5 mm long, sparsely pubescent; staminodes lanceolate, shorter, glabrous. Beak 2.5 - 3.5 mm long, appressed-pubescent. Mericarps ca 5.5 mm long with bristle-like suberect yellow hairs, faintly furrowed below pits.

Fl. & Fr. March - April.

Distrib. India: Punjab to Simla.

Pakistan, Europe, N. Africa, S.W. & C. Asia, temperate N. Asia and Siberia.

Uses. Young foliage is eaten raw or cooked. It is reported to be used as uterine sedative and haemostatic.





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